One of the world’s most dangerous animals is not the lion…but a Mosquito!
Mosquito (the Anopheles) transmits Malaria by transferring the plasmodium parasite through a bite. This Malaria parasite latches into the host’s liver and multiplies, destroying the red-blood cells.
As 2013 WHO statistics suggest; Malaria claimed more than half a million lives, and 90% of these were recorded in Africa. The most vulnerable being the old, expectant mothers and children.
Just over the last two weeks, malaria has killed over 50 people in the North Eastern part of Kenya. There is currently no vaccine to prevent Malaria. So people are advised to sleep under treated mosquito nets and if traveling to prone areas, to put on clothing that covers exposed areas.
Also, regular check-ups are advised; because with early diagnosis, Malaria can be treated.
There’s a 12 days window that the parasite takes to multiply, therefore within this period if detected, can be eradicated. Even after treatment, you may find that some parasites still remain in the liver and are not released until later, resulting in recurrence.
Malaria comes masquerading like a bad case of flu. An infected person will experience
- A bout of cold with shivering
- Fever and Headaches
- Tiredness or drowsiness
- Sweating, followed by a return to normal temperature
If left untreated or the individual has poor immunity; this can easily become severe and life threatening. The individual will experience;
- Swelling of the blood vessels of the brain, or cerebral malaria
- Breathing problems
- Organs failure
- Anemia due to the destruction of red blood cells
- The mosquitoes rely on human blood not for nutritional value, but for production of eggs.
- An unaffected mosquito becomes infected once it feeds on an infected individual; restarting the cycle.
- Malaria is only spread by mosquitoes it is not contagious